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Open science - publishing & managing research data: About Open Science


Embargo. A period of time defined by the publisher. During this time the author has no permission of publishing an open access copy of a publication. The embargo period varies by publisher and some publishers do not set a time limit.

Gold open access, Gold OA. Publication is immediately provided in open access mode by the publisher. The publisher may charge an open access fee (article processing charge). The author pays to get published while the consumers have free access.

Green open access, Green OA. Researchers publish their articles in traditional subscription-based scientific journals and deposit parallel copies in online open access repositories. These can be institutional or subject-based digital archives.

Hybrid Open Access. A journal where only some of the articles are open access. To get article as open access status requires typically the payment of a publication fee to the publisher.

Parallel publishing. Publishing one version (normally final draft/submitted version/authors post-print) of an article in an institutional or subject-based digital archive. Parallel publishing is a way for the scientist to make publication freely available even if the article which has been published it is not in an Open Access journal.

Post-print (or final draft, author accepted manuscript). Peer reviewed version of the final article, but the layout is not yet modified by the publisher (publisher’s logos etc.).

Pre-print. The first draft of the article before it was submitted to the publisher for peer-review.

Publisher’s pdf (or publisher’s version, final published version). the final version of an article, which has been published in a journal

More information: Key concepts of Open Science

Open Science and Lappeenranta University of Technology

What is Open Science

Open science means openness of research data, methods, results and publications within the limits of research agreements. Open science encompasses the entire life cycle of research. The most important public research funders demand open access publishing of research results. There are also initiatives to open research data by public funders. Openness will be an increasing subject in commercial research in the cases of joint innovations and open developing.

Why Open Science

  • Openness is basic principle in science
  • Evaluating is essential in science
  • Openness promotes innovations
  • More visibility to researcher’s work
  • More citations to publications
  • More networking
  • More impact in society

In the university strategy Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT) commits to open science. For LUT researchers there are many national and international research infrastructures available in addition to LUT researcher services. The purpose of this guide is to assist LUT's researchers in open access publishing. The guide is upheld by Lappeenranta Academic Library.

Lappeenranta Academic Library


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