ISO 690:2010. Information and documentation - Guidelines for bibliographic references and citations for information resources.
The standard is available at the library.
Library´s research literature collection.
It is recommended to consistently use the Harvard referencing system or practice that is established in the author's branch of science. In Primo search service you can find a RefWorks reference management software.
The recommended margins at the top and bottom of the A4 size paper are 3 cm, and at both sides of the page 2.5 cm. Also images and appendices must comply with the margins and all pages must be in portrait position. The number of pages mentioned in the Abstract-page must not include publications or the ACTA-page, and these pages are not numbered.
The pages are numbered consecutively starting from the title page (page number 1), but the numbers are visible only after the table of contents. The page numbers should be located in the header, on even pages on the left side and on odd pages on the right side. A list of publications that have been published earlier in the same series will be placed on a separate page after the main text and publications.
In article-based dissertations the author of the dissertation should clearly clarify his/her share of the work for those publications which are authored by several persons. The clarification will be added to the list of publications.
The dissertation is printed double-sided. The abstract, acknowledgements, table of contents and other starting pages as well as the main text must all start on the right-hand page.
It is recommendable to use a font which is readable when the page size is reduced to B5. The most common font is Times New Roman and size 12 points.
The standards and instructions mentioned in the section Supplementary reading should be followed.
There are dissertation templates (Word and LaTeX) available for authors. Please note that in the LaTeX template there is the old name and logo of the university - please check their current spelling in the Word template.
The author sends the manuscript, ready for printing, to the LUT University Press.
The cover material is coated cardboard. The LUT University Press will add the logos and university seals to the covers.
1) Front cover
The front cover should include the following:
2) Title page
The title page should include the LUT logo (top of the page), author(s) and the name of the dissertation (middle of the page) and the name of the series including the serial number aligning left (bottom of the page). Double doctoral degree and joint supervision dissertations may include the logo of the partner university as well as information about the agreement.
Information about the dissertation is in the middle of the title page
Dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Science (Technology) to be presented with due permission for public examination and criticism in the Auditorium of the Student Union House at Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology LUT, Lappeenranta, Finland, on the 12th of May, 2021, at noon.
3) Back of the title page
The names and workplaces of the supervisor(s), reviewers (ie. preliminary examiners) and opponent(s) are printed on the overleaf of the title page.
Supervisor Professor N.N.
LUT School of ...
Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology LUT
Reviewers Professor N.N.
Opponent Professor N.N.
The bottom of the page (centered) should include the ISBN, ISBN (PDF), ISSN-L and ISSN codes, the name of the printing house and publishing year.
Bibliographical information is inserted in the abstract before the text part. Keywords are inserted after the text part.
Name of author
Name of publication
Acta Universitatis Lappeenrantaensis XXX
Diss. Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology LUT
ISBN XXX-XXX-XXX-XXX-X, ISBN XXX-XXX-XXX-XXX-X (PDF)
ISSN-L 1456-4491, ISSN 1456-4491
The text part of the abstract
5) Back cover
Top of page should include:
Lower part should include:
6) Spine of the publication